UPDATE: Judge issues order blocking three legislative measures until further hearings
UPDATE POSTED 3:45 P.M. MARCH 3, 2021
FRANKFORT, Ky. (AP) – Kentucky’s Democratic governor has won a court order temporarily blocking Republican-backed laws threatening to invalidate his executive orders aimed at preventing the spread of COVID-19.
Franklin County Circuit Judge Phillip Shepherd issued the ruling Wednesday.
He says Gov. Andy Beshear’s administration made a “strong case” the laws are likely to “undermine, or even cripple,” public health measures needed to protect Kentuckians from the pandemic.
The judge issued orders blocking the three laws pending further proceedings in the high-stakes case.
Beshear filed a lawsuit challenging the laws soon after his vetoes of them were overridden, saying the measures are unconstitutional and endanger his ability to protect state residents, not just during the pandemic but also in other emergencies.
“We appreciate the order. The ability to act and react quickly is necessary in our war against this ever-changing and mutating virus. Recently, we have been having productive conversations on a wide range of topics with legislative leaders. We will attempt to work with them on this and other topics now and in the future.,” Beshear said in a statement.
State lawmakers did not immediately issue statements in response to Shepherd’s 23-page order.
The governor’s orders were in peril of expiring without an order from the court and action by the Legislature. According to the Amy Cubbage, the governor’s general counsel, they would expire March 4 without some action.
The three bills are HB 1, SB 1 and SB 2.
FRANKFORT, Ky. (AP) — A temporary court order blocking a new Kentucky law restricting the governor’s authority to combat COVID-19 was being extended Thursday, as a judge reviews the constitutional showdown between Republican lawmakers and Democratic Gov. Andy Beshear.
After a four-hour hearing, Franklin County Circuit Judge Phillip Shepherd said he would extend the restraining order and hopes to rule within about 10 days on competing motions. One motion seeks an injunction blocking GOP-backed laws reining in Beshear’s executive powers in times of emergency. Another motion seeks to dissolve the order in place against one of the measures.
The restraining order is currently blocking a measure that would allow Kentucky businesses and schools to comply either with COVID-19 guidelines from Beshear’s administration or the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — whichever standard is least restrictive.
Another new law being challenged by Beshear would limit his executive orders in times of emergency to 30 days unless extended by lawmakers. It applies to orders restricting schools, businesses and religious gatherings or imposing mandatory quarantine or isolation requirements.
Under that measure’s 30-day timeline, the governor’s current pandemic-related executive orders are set to expire in early March, said his general counsel, Amy Cubbage.
Shepherd said he wants to rule before then, and he asked lawyers to provide him a list of all executive orders and emergency regulations that would expire under measures being challenged.
The judge continued to urge the competing sides to find “common ground” to resolve the dispute, which he said is rooted in a “communications gap.”
“It has almost universally, up until recently, been the case that public health issues have been dealt with in a nonpartisan way,” Shepherd said.
The high-stakes case revolves around two separate sets of issues, the judge said. One is the effect the new laws would have on the state’s response to the pandemic, he said.
“The urgent need to have an effective response to a pandemic is an extremely important consideration for the court,” the judge said.
The other issue revolves around the balance of power in state government and whether Beshear’s coronavirus-related orders put “an undue burden on certain segments of the public,” Shepherd said.
“In this case, we have the intersection of these political questions with regard to the distribution of powers of government, that have come head on in conflict with the public health response to a pandemic,” he said.
GOP legislators argue the governor overreached with restrictions on businesses and individuals. The governor maintains the steps he took to limit activity during the pandemic have saved lives.
Beshear sued immediately, seeking a court order striking down the new laws after the GOP-dominated legislature voted to override his vetoes of the measures.
Kentucky’s public health commissioner, Dr. Steven Stack, testified at Tuesday’s hearing that the measures would “functionally render me powerless” in combating the ongoing pandemic.
Defending the Beshear administration’s response to the public health crisis, Stack said: “There are clearly things we wish could have been done differently or we had more options. But I do assert we tried in good faith to keep the most number of people safe in Kentucky.”
The other new law being challenged by Beshear would give legislative committees more oversight and control over the governor’s emergency administrative regulations.
It’s the latest round of court fights over Beshear’s response to the pandemic. Last year, Kentucky’s Supreme Court upheld the governor’s authority to issue coronavirus-related restrictions on businesses and individuals to try to contain the spread of COVID-19.