The bill cleared the House on an 84-14 vote Wednesday and now goes to the Senate, where similar bills have died in past years.
Under the measure, people convicted of class D felonies could petition a court for expungement five years after completing their sentence or probation.
The bill would not apply to people convicted of sex offenses or crimes against children. A prosecutor or victim would have the right to present evidence to the judge considering an expungement motion.
The bill’s lead sponsor is Democratic Rep. Darryl Owens of Louisville.
The legislation is House Bill 40.